A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena Convention)
A UNEP Regional Seas Convention for the Wider Caribbean. It is a comprehensive, umbrella agreement for the protection and development of the marine environment. This regional environmental convention provides the legal framework for cooperative regional and national actions in the Wider Caribbean region. It was adopted in 1983 and entered into force in 1986.
Its biodiversity relevance is that it includes a Protocol on Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife which acts as a vehicle to assist with regional implementation of the broader Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).