A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
Convention for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region (Noumea Convention)
A UNEP Regional Seas Convention for the Pacific region. It aims to take all appropriate measures to prevent, reduce and control pollution from any source and to ensure sound environmental management and development of natural resources, using the best practicable means at their disposal of Parties and in accordance with their capabilities. Ten Pacific countries are Party to the Noumea Convention. It was adopted in 1986 and entered into force in 1990.
Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (2012)1
Its biodiversity relevance stems from the highly detrimental effect that pollution can have on marine organisms, therefore by preventing the pollution of the sea the Convention contributes towards the maintenance of marine biodiversity. It also includes an Article on specially protected areas and protection of wild flora and fauna.2