When NCS address additional societal challenges, they are sometimes considered as a subset of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) and may be referred to as ‘Nature-based Solutions for climate [mitigation]’ 2 3.
However, there is a nuanced difference between how NCS and NbS for climate mitigation are interpreted. According to the IUCN Global Standard, all NbS are required to have a net positive impact on biodiversity while also empowering all affected stakeholders 4. The minimum requirement for NCS on the other hand is to contribute to climate mitigation and to result in no net loss for biodiversity, according to the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), although NCS that are net positive for biodiversity and supportive of local communities are encouraged 5.
Nature-based Solutions Coalition (2019) 2
Girardin et al. (2021) 3
IUCN World conservation Congress (2016) 4
WBCSD (2020) 5
- Griscom BW, Adams J, Ellis PW, Houghton RA, Lomax G, Miteva DA, Schlesinger WH, Shoch D, Siikamäki JV, Smith P, Woodbury P (2017). Natural climate solutions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(44), 11645–50.
- Nature-based Solutions Coalition (2019). The Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Manifesto - Developed for the UN Climate Action Summit 2019.
- Girardin CA, Jenkins S, Seddon N, Allen M, Lewis SL, Wheeler CE, Griscom BW and Malhi Y (2021). Nature-based solutions can help cool the planet—if we act now. Nature, 593, 191–194.
- IUCN World conservation Congress (2016). WCC-2016-Res-069-EN. Defining Nature-based Solutions.
- WBCSD (2020). Accelerating Business Solutions for Climate and Nature. Report I: Mapping Nature-Based Solutions and Natural Climate Solutions. Geneva, Switzerland