A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment (Jeddah Convention)
A UNEP Regional Seas Convention for the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It sets out the terms of regional cooperation among the signatory parties in regards to marine and coastal environmental protection. It specifically prioritises the need for collaboration in the control of marine pollution, scientific and technical assistance, environmental management and the development of environmental standards. It was adopted in 1982 and entered into force in 1985.
Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA)1
Its biodiversity relevance is that it includes a Protocol Concerning the Conservation of Biological diversity and the Establishment of a Network of Protected Areas the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.2