A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA)
An international agreement, sometimes known as the International Seed Treaty, with the overall goal of supporting global food security, allowing governments, farmers, research institutes and agro-industries to work together by pooling their genetic resources and sharing the benefits from their use – thus protecting and enhancing food crops while giving fair recognition and benefits to local farmers who have nurtured these crops through the millennia. Adopted in 2001 by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA)1
It is one of the eight international conventions that focus on biodiversity issues.2